"In acquiring material wealth all are not equally blessed. But in gaining mental and spiritual wealth, every one has an equal chance. Beginning from character and disciplines and ending with supreme kindness and goodness, the wealth of the mind is displayed in abundance before all. The question is only who wants, and, to which measure !"

The Guiding force of Narayanashrama Tapovanam & Center for Inner Resources Development

Swami Bhoomananda Tirtha


Q & A

Query from a seeker

Respected Swami Ji,

I listen to your discourse on Mundak Upanishad every morning and like it very much. I have tried to know the meaning of the title. I don't find it in any of the books. They just start off with the teaching.

Kindly help. Thanking you,

Most respectfully,



Swami Nirviseshananda Tirtha Ji's response:

Here is the brief explanation:

"Mundaka" means: a shaven headed (a Sannyaasin); the trunk of a tree with the branches chopped off ; a barber. 

One interpretation is that this Upanishad is meant for the Sannyaasins or will make one a Sannyaasin. 

The inner meaning is: The hairs seen from outside exist on the scalp but they cover up the scalp. Like that, this world variety appears on the "substratum" called Consciousness but covers the Consciousness. Mundakopanishad removes the cover of world variety (ignorance of multiplicity/fragmentation) and exposes the One Consciousness, the Substratum, the Reality.

As such, the word "Upanishad" also means (upa+ni+sad) "the nearness or assimilation of which removes completely the ignorance".

Of course, there could be other interpretations also.


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